Exploring Arthritis: Types, Causes, and Symptoms on World Arthritis Day

World Arthritis Day

On October 12, World Arthritis Day is observed to raise awareness about arthritis, a term encompassing over 100 different joint-related conditions. It’s essential to understand the various types, causes, and symptoms of arthritis to foster empathy and support for those living with this chronic condition.

Types of arthritis include:

Osteoarthritis (OA): Common among the elderly, OA results from the wearing down of cartilage, leading to pain, swelling, and reduced joint motion.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA): An autoimmune disorder where the immune system mistakenly attacks joint linings, causing inflammation and joint deformity.

Psoriatic arthritis: Affecting some with psoriasis, this type causes joint pain, stiffness, and swelling, often accompanied by skin lesions.

Fibromyalgia: Stemming from central nervous system dysfunction, it causes widespread pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances, and mood troubles.

Gout: Arising from elevated uric acid levels, it leads to painful joint inflammation due to crystal formation.

Causes of arthritis:

Genetics: Some types, like rheumatoid arthritis, tend to run in families.

Age: The risk of osteoarthritis increases with age.

Autoimmune factors: Autoimmune types result from the immune system attacking the body’s tissues, including joints.

Environmental factors: Certain factors, such as infections, can trigger autoimmune responses.

Common symptoms include persistent joint pain, swelling, stiffness (often worse in the morning), reduced range of movement, and fatigue. Understanding these aspects of arthritis can contribute to better support and management of the condition.

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