Lancet: Strokes Could Claim 10 Million Lives Annually by 2050


A report published in the Lancet Neurology journal predicts a significant increase in stroke-related deaths globally by 2050. According to the study, deaths due to strokes could rise by 47% in the next 30 years, reaching 9.7 million by 2050, up from 6.6 million in 2020.

Most of these deaths, around 91%, are expected to occur in low- and middle-income countries, marking an increase from 86% in 2020. Conversely, deaths due to strokes are anticipated to decrease in high-income countries, from 14% in 2020 to 9% by 2050.

The Southeast Asia Region, consisting of 11 countries, is projected to account for 40 out of 100 deaths globally from strokes. India, which already faces a substantial burden of strokes, has non-communicable diseases as the second most common cause of death. The Lancet notes that the average age of stroke victims in Southeast Asia is lower than the global average, with younger people experiencing strokes.

Factors contributing to the rising burden of strokes include an aging population, low awareness, and increased risk factors such as unhealthy lifestyles, uncontrolled non-communicable diseases (such as hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, and obesity), and pollution. Bangladesh and India are cited as having a high risk of strokes due to pollution, with Bangladesh at 40% and India at 25%.

The study emphasizes the need for preventive measures, awareness campaigns, and improved management of risk factors to mitigate the increasing impact of strokes, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.

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